Mucosal surfaces are moist tissues lining hollow organs and cavities of the body open to the environment. This is what lines our mouth, nose and throat. Normal mucosal cells look like scales (squamous) under the microscope. Cancers arising from these cells are called squamous cell carcinomas, which account for the majority of cancers in the head and neck region (90%). Some head and neck cancers begin in other types of cells. For example, cancers that begin in glandular cells are called adenocarcinomas.
Head and neck cancer and its treatment may affect some of the activities one completes everyday. These activities may include speaking, swallowing, hearing, and breathing.
Treatment depends on several factors. These include type, location and size of your cancer. Treatment for head and neck cancers often involves surgery, radiation therapy and chemotherapy alone or in combination depending on the size and location of your tumor.
(front part of mouth and lips and includes):
Mandible (alveolar ridge)
Floor of mouth
(back part of the mouth and includes):
Base of tongue (back part of tongue)
Lateral and posterior pharyngeal walls
Salivary Gland cancer
Minor salivary gland